Rationale: No idea is more fundamental to the American sense of self than freedom. To the United States, freedom and liberty are interchangeable and seemingly universal. However, that is misleading. Freedom is not fixed or alone definition; rather, it is an ideal as well as a reality. It also defines American identity as a collective and as individual groups within the country.

Question: Evaluate the American women’s rights movement in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. What was the extent to which the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which guaranteed women the right to vote, marked a turning point in the United States women’s history? How have subsequent efforts in the last fifty years advanced the movement? Explain your argument.

You are required to use at least TWO different documents to provide your argument for this question. You may use outside documents for your argument. Your response will be uploaded through SafeAssign in eCampus to check for plagiarism. Any portion of your response that does not follow the directions and guidelines regarding writing, grammar, mechanics, plagiarism, or fails to answer the question will result in a zero for this portion of your exam.

Your response should be a minimum of 500 words, Times New Roman, 12 point font, 1 inch margins, and no other heading than your first and last name. Remember, all papers are uploaded in DOC format. No other format will be accepted.

You are required to cite all quotes and sources in MLA format. This does not count toward your minimum total length. These citations need to be included in the text and in a works cited sheet (which is a separate sheet at the end of your response). If you do not know how to craft a works cited page, please visit the Brookhaven library. Noodle Tools is available for you to use via the library website.

Document Options:

Proceedings of the Trial of Susan B. Anthony (1873)

Mueller v. Oregon (1908)

Nineteenth Amendment (1920)

Margaret Sanger, Women and the New Race (1920)

A Word to the Wives (1955)

Equal Pay Act of 1963

Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)

National Organization of Women Statement of Purpose (1966)

Shirley Chisholm, Equal Rights for Women (1969)

Roe v. Wade (1973)

Hillary Clinton, Women’s Rights are Human Rights (1995)

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, We Should All Be Feminists (2012)

Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg on Equality, 2016

Women’s March (2017)

Angela Davis, The Women’s March on Washington (2017)

A Conversation with Betty Freidan

Title IX

you have to use any 2 of these documents that are provided in order to answer the question.